Here is a shoe-size-to-foot measurements chart, enhanced from page 9 in your  Crazy Toes & Heels  sock book for an average foot length and ball of foot circumference related to shoe size, that may help if you can not actually measure the sock recipients' foot but know their shoe size.  To quote a list member Judith,  "going by shoe size is not "bad", it just isn't ideal.  If you can't get the foot measurements by measuring, use the size charts and go for it! "

Remember that wool is forgiving and will stretch a bit, but if you are really concerned about socks for children, I would make the socks a bit larger so they can “grow into them" and use them later, rather than not be able to use them at all.  Adult socks are not as forgiving  though for the growth factor.  

Please remember these are average foot sizes.  If you know they have skinny feet or wider feet, you may want to go down or up a few stitches on circumference once you get your gauge.   

Refer to your “giant foot”,  page 10, of your Crazy Toes & Heels sock book, for where the “ball of foot”, ankle, heel and arch are referenced to. OR... for your personal use...

...at the end of this page, I have put in the partial "giant foot"  from my Crazy Toes & Heels any gauge, any yarn, any size sock book,  for your internet use.  If you have far off sock recipient's and family that you can not measure, they can plug in the numbers and email or send  you their measurements.  
I got the shoe length sizes from one of those shoe measurement devices in a shoe store!  The circumferences came from several sources, one of which was Pi or π which is the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter... reduced a bit because feet are not actually "round" like a tube, but flatter. These are AVERAGE circumferances.  I checked around and these numbers do seem to be an average from several other sources.   Good luck with this and if you find anything at all that not seem "right" about any of the sizes, please be sure to email me, queeenkahuna@comcast.net

Age or shoe size Foot length
in inches
 Ball of foot in inches
Ankle is usually close to ball of foot circumference.  Infants or toddlers may have a chubbier ankle that thins out the older they get.
Newborn 3 1/8  3 3/4
 Child 1 3 1/2
 Child 2 3 7/8 4 1/4
  Child 3 4 1/8 4 1/4
 Child 4 4 1/2 5
Child 5 4 7/8 5 1/4
Child 6 5 1/8 5 1/2
Child 7 5 1/2 5 3/4
Child 8 5 7/8 6 1/4
Child 9 6 1/8 6 1/2
Child 10 6 1/2 6 3/4
Child 11 6 7/8 6 7/8
Child 12 7 1/8 7 1/4
Child 13 7 1/2 7 1/2

Womans 3 7 3/4 8
Woman 4 8 1/4
Woman 5 8 1/2 8 1/2
Woman 6 8 7/8 9
Woman 7 9 1/8 9 3/8
Woman 8 9 1/2 9 1/2
Woman 9 9 7/8 9 1/2
Woman 10 10 1/8 9 5/8
Woman 11 10 1/2 9 3/4
Woman 12 11 10
Man 6 9 1/4 9
Man7 9 3/4 9 1/4
Man 8 10 9 1/2
Man 9 10 1/4 9 1/2
Man 10 10 3/4 9 3/4
Man 11 11 10
Man 12 11 1/4 10
Man 13 11 3/4 10 1/5
Man 14 12 10 3/4
Man 15 12 1/4 11

Giant foot for measuring socks
Make sure that "C" above is measured by putting the back of your foot against a vertical wall or appliance, etc.  Have a ruler under your foot and measure to the end of the longest toe.  

In some internet browsers, you can "right click" on the image of the foot and you will get a drop-down menu. In that menu, click to "view" the image and it should come up in another window, where you can just print out the foot.  Check with your particular browser on how to do this.  


Text version.  Measure your foot without socks on. You have the option of using this chart or the foot chart They are the same information, just a different format.  The “giant foot” from the book Crazy Toes & Heels is convenient to take along in your knitting bag, since it contains the gusset and toe worksheet formulas on it. 

Ball of your foot: Using a cloth tape measure, find the circumference (all the way around) of the ball of your foot.  The ball of your foot would be the part where it is widest at the base of your toes.  

Measurement: ____________

Reduce the ball of your foot measurement by 10% to 20% for ease.

You don't want your socks to be sloppy.  You want a nice firm fit.  Some like a tighter fit and some like socks looser.   After you make a pair, you will know what *you* like best.  For now, reduce by 10%.  Round down if necessary.  

Example: 10 % of 8 ¾ ” (decimal would be 8.75) = .875 inches.   So 8.75 - .875 = 7.875, which can be rounded up to 7.88”.  For this sock example, you will increase your sock toe to the number of stitches you get when you multiply your stitches per inch, by 7.88.  (You can round the fractions of an inch up or down to make it easier.)

Measurement: ____________

C: Foot Length: Put the “0” inch end of a ruler against a wall or other vertical surface.  With the tape measure under your foot, put the heel of your foot against the wall. Look down over your toe that sticks out the furthest.  Record that measurement.

Measurement: ____________

D: Gusset length: longest toe to back of ankle.

Standing on one ruler, put your longest toe against the wall.  With another ruler held vertically at the ankle placement, measure to the BACK of your ANKLE. 

Measurement: ____________

E: Instep. 

Measurement: ____________

F:) Ankle circumference:

Measure your ankle just above the ankle bone.

Measurement: ____________

G: Calf circumference:

a) Around your calf where it starts to widen.      Measurement: ____________

b) Mid-way between ankle and knee.                Measurement: ____________

c) Between mid-way (b) and knee.                    Measurement: ____________

d) Below knee.                                                   Measurement: ____________

Floor to below knee. (For knee length socks.)    

Measurement: ____________
I:   Short row socks, toes to front of leg.

From toes to where your leg joins the foot. Measure like “D” but to leg instead of ankle.

  Measurement: ____________

Some lovely socks I made....
koigu finished sock, Crazy Toes & Heels way.
koigu sock heel, Crazy Toes & Heel way.

I isn't this sock and the sock  heel gorgeous?  These are both created using fingering weight yarn and size #1 US or 2.5mm needles.

It is one of the options in the Crazy Toes & Heels sock book.  This is a toe-up socks sock, however, you can also create it in the top-down version of the socks.

Using my technique, there is no "gusset line" like in traditional socks, and you have a wonderful cushioning  by using a "slip-stitch" technique under the heel and up the back of the heel flap.

This makes the heels thicker and wear better.

Below is the save version, the most popular by the way, in another type of sock yarn.
sock toe
koigu socksock toe

......Nice round toes are the hallmark of a
......Crazy Toes & Heels sock.  There are two toe-up style  .......toe increases, a short row toe, and now one, but soon
.......to be two, different ways to easily cast on your toe
....... right at the tip of the toes.

......Look for the new Aloha #2, an invisible toe tip cast
.......on in the "free stuff" section soon.
Copyright  September 2002, Mary Ann Beattie.  All rights and intellectual property reserved for Mary Ann Beattie, under Queen Kahuna Crazy Toes & Heels, sock book.  
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